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Definition of HIV/AIDS in South Africa and the United States

Outcomes for Africa have been predicted to the year 2025, by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). The predictions yielded a full range of results, to include stability in infection rate and even a descent in cases in some regions. Nonetheless, a strongly defined situation shows potential societal disaster in other regions, particularly Sub-Saharan Africa. The outcomes showed an alarming, systematic growth in the infection and mortality rate, with the possibility of millions of cases to ensue. It has also been found that in many cases, the adults in these communities (the individuals with the means to educate themselves and economically and emotionally support a family) are the ones dying of the disease.

Part 1: HIV/AIDS in South Africa

Besides polygamous relationships, a prevalent occurrence in some areas of Africa, sexual networking is a widespread practice involving numerous concurrent and overlapping sexual partners. Particularly, men’s sexual “networks” are more likely to be extensive. Cultural or social norms often indicate that while women must remain faithful, men are able and even expected to philander, irrespective of their marital status. Aside from the occurrence of having several sexual partners, population displacements and unemployment due to conflicts and droughts promote the HIV/AIDS spread.

Part 2: HIV/AIDS in the United States

constitute almost one-third of all AIDS cases in Africa (Bethel, 139).

Consequences, and Feasibility of Strategies for Achieving the Goals of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy in the United States: A Closing Window for Success? Report. May 19, 2012.

North Africa has one of the lowest HIV prevalence rates worldwide. This low rate is usually attributed to the essential role that Islam plays in the region’s societies. This strong influence on local values, morals, and government policies has sustained infection rates at a negligible level. As documented, there is a strong social taboo discouraging extra-marital sexual relations in Muslim communities. Thus, the HIV prevalence rates in 2009 were lower than 0.1% in Egypt and Tunisia, 0.1% in Morocco and Algeria, 0.7% in Mauritania, and 0.5% in Sudan.

The prevalence of HIV/AIDS is highest in Southern Africa.

Africa has the greatest burden of HIV/AIDS worldwide

This paper will show how the African National Congress was involved in the Anti-Apartheid movement and how the African National Congress and Nelson Mandela Changed the country as a whole.

It has been a major supporter to the industrialization of South Africa after the discovery of diamonds in Kimberley in1871, and the Witwaterstand goldfields in 1886 (Sorenses, 2012, p.22).

Every single one of the top ten poorest countries is in Africa.
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AIDS effect on mortality in Africa

It would be detrimental to Africa to remain solely focused on strengthening their military capability while devaluing access to universal primary education (Takhal, 2012).

In 1993, Mandela and South African President F.W.

There are two dominant types of measurement: prevalence and incidence. Prevalence is the number of people living with AIDS and HIV. The problem with using prevalence alone to measure an epidemic is that it presents a faulty perspective because one person can live with HIV for many years and therefore is counted multiple times. Incidence is the number of new cases of infection, usually within the previous year. Incidence is theoretically the best way to evaluate the HIV epidemic’s proliferation, and a combination of these figures would provide the most accurate representation of the HIV/AIDS burden. Unfortunately, both if these tools are difficult to measure, and there isn’t any reliable and practical way to evaluate them in sub-Saharan Africa. Healthcare providers and NGOs still need statistics to evaluate care and aid, so a few numbers are used to estimate a country’s prevalence and incidence. These include the prevalence of pregnant women ranging from 15 to 24 years going to antenatal clinics, and extrapolate from that. However, using antenatal surveys to extrapolate national data depends on assumptions that might not be applicable to all stages and regions. Another way to measure prevalence is the HIV serosurvey performed at a doctor’s office. However, health units conducting serosurveys rarely function within rural communities in remote areas. This collected data also excludes people seeking alternate healthcare. As a result, there may be significant disparities between official figures and actual HIV prevalence in some countries.

AIDS is now the leading cause of death in sub-Saharan Africa....

Francis, Donald P. “Deadly AIDS Policy Failure by the Highest Levels of the US Government: A Personal Look Back 30 Years Later for Lessons to Respond Better to Future Epidemics.” Journal of Public Health Policy 33 (2012): 290-300. Accessed October 2, 2013. ProQuest.

AIDS in Africa kills more people than conflicts

In addition, the African health care industry has been hard hit by a “brain drain”. This is the phenomena where large numbers of qualified doctors, nurses, and other health care professionals emigrate from developing countries to other, more developed countries and do not return. The drain occurs largely through immigration laws that encourage recruitment in professional fields (special skill categories) like doctors and nurses in countries like Australia, Canada, and the U.S. One striking example of the brain drain was when at a certain point (according to the University of Malawi), there were more Malawian doctors in Manchester than in the entire country of Malawi. According to Dr. Ken Sagoe, of the Ghana Health Service, “604 out of 871 medical officers who trained in the country between the years of 1993-2002 now practice overseas”. The country of Zimbabwe has documented having trained roughly 1,200 doctors in the 1990s with only 360 currently remaining in the country. Another example is the country of Zambia is also an example, where records show having only 50 out of the 600 doctors trained in the country still remaining there over the last 40 years.

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